Lex is a futurist and entrepreneur working on the next generation of financial services. He is the Head Economist and Global Fintech Co-Head at ConsenSys, a blockchain technology company building the infrastructure and applications that enable a decentralized world. Lex focuses on protocol crypto-economics, digital assets, public and private blockchains, and decentralized finance and autonomous organizations.
Previously, Lex was the Global Director of Fintech Strategy at Autonomous Research (acquired by AllianceBernstein), an equity research firm serving institutional investors, where he covered artificial intelligence, blockchain, neobanks, digital lenders, roboadvisors, payments, insurtech, and mixed reality. Before Autonomous, Lex was COO at AdvisorEngine (acquired by Franklin Templeton), a digital wealth management technology platform, and CEO of NestEgg Wealth, a roboadvisor that partnered with financial advisors. Prior to NestEgg, Lex held roles in investment management and banking at Barclays, Lehman Brothers, and Deutsche Bank.
Lex has contributed thought leadership to the Wall Street Journal, the Economist, Bloomberg, FT, Reuters, American Banker, ThinkAdvisor, and Investment News, among others. He is a regular speaker at industry conferences such as Money2020, LendIt, Schwab Impact, In|Vest, T3 Enterprise Edition, and Consensus. He earned a JD/MBA from Columbia University and a B.A. in Economics and Law from Amherst College.
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Broader Thesis: Frontier technology transforming Financial Services
We are experiencing profound transformation at every part of the industry in finance, from manufacturing the product (e.g., blockchain and crypto assets, AI-based underwriting), to the middle office (e.g., open banking and financial APIs, robotic process automation), to the distribution channels and client experience (neobanks, roboadvice, conversational interfaces). Some incumbents have meaningful competitive moats and are well positioned to keep making and selling their stuff. They have cash to participate in and benefit from innovation via partnership or M&A. Yet the long tail (i.e., most banks) will be reduced to a commoditized capital layer that plugs into broader technology platforms powering services or aggregating consumers.
This dynamic is being played out between banks, startups, Western tech companies, the Asian giants, and crypto projects. No particular asset class or product vertical is safe. Payments, savings, lending, investing, trading, retirement, insurance -- all are on the same chopping block. Between shifting generational dynamics, private companies choosing to stay private, and the international nature of competition, the ground is always shifting in the Fintech industry.
Generational differences matter too. Millennials had a very different upbringing than Gen Y and Boomers. We grew up during the Tech Bubble, a persistent/pointless war state, the collapse of the housing market, bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers and subsequently the Great Recession. The only institution we still trust is Personal Technology, and so we must be diligent in understanding the drivers and potential outcomes of that vector. To know the future of finance, we must know artificial intelligence, virtual reality, chatbots, and the underlying reasons for the types of innovation happening across the economy.
Digitization will force the financial industry to better serve its clients, the hundreds of millions of regular people that need financial services, at scale, available any time, and with minimum friction. As we move from automating access to existing financial products to decentralizing the manufacturing of financial products, real change will be inevitable. Armed with blockchain-native phones and web browsers, people will access decentralized finance machines that power payments, issue loans, make investments, and underwrite insurance. There will be hacks to attack code, and botnets to promote disinformation, as always. But our human organizations will eventually yield to global, secure, open source networks of value creation.
With automation taking more of the production burden, powered by software machines that are faster and more accurate than us, we humans will become more free. This is a good thing if properly managed and supported. When people achieve their financial goals and build stable lives, art and self-expression can flourish. And technology will help us with that too.